As large North African country, Algeria produces good quality wines which are not so well known. Once part of the French colony (alike Morocco), Algeria was making around two thirds of its profit from winemaking, until they gained independence. Being granted independence in 1962, France reduced the amount of exports Algeria had, which declined their wine trade.
The main grape varieties grown are Clairette blanche and Ugni blanc
, Carignan, Cinsault and Alicante Bouschet
. The warm mediterranean climate works in the favour of the winegrowers, helping to create the overripe, fruity, high alcohol, and low acidity wines. Algerian wines are thought to have little time in the fermentation process, with minimal ageing in oak barrels. The three main wine regions are Oran, Alger and Constantine.